What Causes Hair Breakage and How to Fix It?

HK Vitals

Medically Reviewed By Dr. Aarti Nehra

Are you struggling with hair breakage, causing your once luscious locks to become weak and brittle? If so, you’re not alone. Hair breakage is a common problem that affects many individuals. But the good news is that there is not only one hair breakage solution but many, which can work provided you are aware of the hair breakage reasons.

In this article, we will explore the different hair breakage causes and provide you with practical tips on how to fix severe hair breakage and thinning and get healthier hair.

Understanding Hair Breakage Reasons

Hair breakage refers to the condition where individual strands of hair become weak and prone to breaking, resulting in shorter and thinner hair over time. It is crucial to identify the underlying hair breakage causes to address the issue effectively. Here are some of the most common hair breakage reasons:

1.Overexposure to Heat Styling Tools

Excessive use of heat-styling tools such as flat irons, curling irons, and blow dryers can lead to severe hair breakage and thinning. The high temperatures strip away the hair’s natural moisture, leaving it dry and fragile.

2. Chemical Damage

Frequent use of harsh chemical treatments like hair dyes, relaxers, and perms can weaken the hair shaft, making it more susceptible to breakage. Chemicals in these products can disrupt the hair’s protein structure, causing it to become brittle and prone to splitting.

3. Poor Hair Care Practices

Rough handling, vigorous brushing, and using the wrong hairbrush can cause unnecessary tension and breakage. Additionally, neglecting proper hair care routines, such as infrequent conditioning or not protecting your hair while swimming, can contribute to hair breakage.

4. Lack of Moisture

Inadequate hydration can leave your hair dry and brittle, increasing the chances of breakage. Factors like environmental conditions, excessive sun exposure, and over-washing can strip away the hair’s natural oils, leading to moisture loss.

Solutions for Hair Breakage

Now that we’ve examined the common hair breakage causes, let’s explore some effective hair breakage solutions to help restore and strengthen your hair:

1. Minimize Heat Styling

Reduce your reliance on heat styling tools and embrace more heat-free hairstyles. When using heat, always apply a heat protectant spray and keep the temperature on the lower side to prevent excessive damage.

2. Avoid Harsh Chemical Treatments

Give your hair a break from chemical treatments. If you must use them, opt for gentler, ammonia-free dyes and limit the frequency of use.

3. Adopt Gentle Hair Care Practices

Handle your hair with care. Use a wide-tooth comb or a brush with soft bristles to detangle your hair gently, starting from the ends and working your way up. Avoid pulling or tugging on knots. Additionally, use hair accessories that minimize stress on your strands such as scrunchies or silk hair ties.

4. Hydrate and Moisturize

Keep your hair well-hydrated by using a moisturizing shampoo and conditioner. Hair masks and regular oiling help replenish moisture and improve the hair’s overall health.

5. Maintain a Balanced Diet

Proper nutrition plays a vital role in hair health. Ensure you consume a balanced diet which is rich in vitamins, minerals, and proteins. Include foods like eggs, fish, nuts, fruits, and vegetables to provide essential nutrients that promote hair strength and growth.

Seeking Professional Help

In cases of severe concerns like hair breakage and thinning that don’t improve with home remedies, it’s advisable to consult a professional hair stylist or a trichologist. They can assess your hair’s condition, identify any underlying issues, and provide targeted hair breakage treatment at home or recommend specialized products to address your concerns.


In conclusion, understanding the hair breakage causes is the first step towards restoring your hair’s strength and vitality. By adopting healthy hair care practices, minimizing heat and chemical damage, and maintaining proper hydration, you can effectively combat hair breakage and promote healthier tresses. 

HK Vitals


All Healthkart products are manufactured at FSSAI approved manufacturing facilities and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Please read product packaging carefully prior to purchase and use. The information/articles on HK Vitals (www.hkvitals.com or subdomains) is provided for informational purpose only and is not meant to substitute for the advice provided by your doctor or other healthcare professional. These statements are not ratified by any government agency and are for general guidance only.