Types of Hair Fall and the Causes Behind Them

HK Vitals

Hair loss is a widespread issue impacting countless individuals globally. Excessive hair fall can be emotionally distressing and profoundly affect one’s self-esteem. It’s crucial to understand that there are different types of hair fall each with its unique causes and features.

This article aims to explore the various types of hair fall, shedding light on the reasons for hair loss behind each type. By gaining insights into these distinctions, we can better comprehend and tackle this common problem effectively.

Types of Hair Fall

Here are some of the most commonly seen types of Hair Fall. Read on to learn all about them so that you can manage the type that affects you in a better manner –

Telogen Effluvium:

Telogen Effluvium is a type of hair fall that occurs when a large number of hair follicles prematurely enter the resting phase (telogen) and subsequently shed.

  • Causes – This condition can be triggered by various factors such as physical or emotional stress, nutritional deficiencies, hormonal changes, postpartum after giving birth, certain medications, or underlying medical conditions. Understanding the underlying causes and addressing them can help in managing this type of hair fall.

2. Androgenetic Alopecia:

Androgenetic Alopecia, commonly known as male or female pattern baldness, is one of the most prevalent types of hair fall leading to excessive hair fall in men.

  • Causes – It is primarily influenced by genetic factors and hormonal imbalances, particularly the hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT causes the hair follicles to shrink over time, leading to thinning hair and eventual hair loss. Recognizing the signs, early intervention, and suitable treatment options can help slow down the progression of this condition.


3. Alopecia Areata:

Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune disorder that leads to sudden, excessive hair fall
and hair loss in patches or all over the scalp. The immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicles, causing them to become dormant and stop producing hair.

  • Causes – The exact cause of this condition is still unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors.Various treatment approaches, including medications and immunotherapy, can help manage Alopecia Areata and stimulate hair regrowth.

4. Traction Alopecia

Traction Alopecia is hair loss that occurs due to excessive tension or pulling on the hair over an extended period.

  • Causes – Common causes include tight hairstyles (e.g., ponytails, braids, or buns), frequent use of hair extensions or weaves, and habitual hair pulling. Avoiding such hairstyles, minimizing the use of damaging hair accessories, and adopting gentle hair care practices are essential to prevent and address this type of hair fall.

Other Factors Leading to Hair Loss

Although these are not categorized as types of hair fall, there are certain factors that become prominent and not-to-be-ignored reasons for hair loss. These include –

  • Nutritional Deficiencies – Nutritional deficiencies, particularly of iron, zinc, biotin, and certain vitamins, can contribute to hair fall. Inadequate intake or absorption of these essential nutrients can weaken the hair follicles and lead to excessive hair shedding.
  • Hormonal Imbalances – Hormonal imbalances, such as those that occur during pregnancy, menopause, or thyroid disorders, can contribute to hair loss. Fluctuations in hormone levels can disrupt the hair growth cycle, leading to increased hair shedding.
  • Medical Conditions and Treatments – Certain medical conditions and treatments can cause hair loss. For example, scalp infections, autoimmune diseases, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and certain medications (such as anticoagulants, antidepressants, and beta-blockers) can lead to hair loss as a side effect.

Understanding the underlying condition and working with healthcare professionals can help mitigate hair loss in these situations.



The hair fall problem can stem from various types and causes, and understanding them is crucial for effective management. By identifying the specific types of hair fall and addressing the underlying reasons for hair loss, individuals can take appropriate steps to prevent further hair loss and promote hair regrowth. Consultation with a dermatologist or trichologist can provide personalized guidance and treatment options tailored to the specific hair fall problem, leading to healthier and fuller hair in the long run.

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