Liver Spots (Age Spots): What are They and Why do They Appear?

HK Vitals

Have you ever noticed those small, brown spots that seem to appear on your skin as you age? Do you wonder what they are and why they show up? Well, you’re not alone. These spots, commonly known as liver spots or age spots, can be a common concern for many people. 

In this article, we will explore what liver spots are, what causes them, their different types, and some home remedies you can try. So, let’s dive in!

Liver Spots – What are They?

Liver spots, also known as age spots or lentigines, are small, flat, brown patches that typically appear on areas of the skin exposed to the sun, such as the face, hands, arms, and shoulders. Despite their name, liver spots have no connection to liver function. They are benign and pose no health risk.

What Causes Liver Spots?

The primary cause of liver spots on face or liver spots on legs or any other parts of the body is sun exposure. Over time, the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays damage the skin cells, leading to the overproduction of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin color. As a result, these excess melanin deposits create dark spots that we call lentigo or liver spots.

Who is More Likely to Get Age Spots?

Lentigo is more common in individuals over 50, although it can appear earlier in some cases. People with fair skin, those with significant sun exposure throughout their lives, and individuals with a history of sunburns are more prone to developing liver spots or age spots. Additionally, genetic factors and hormonal changes can contribute to their formation.

Types of Liver Spots or Age Spots

There are two primary types of age spots:

  • Solar Lentigines: These are the most common type of age spots and are directly linked to sun exposure. They are typically small and round and range in color from light brown to dark brown.
  • Senile Lentigines: Also known as age spots, these spots are more associated with the natural aging process. They tend to be larger and darker than solar lentigines and may appear on areas of the skin that have received less sun exposure.

Should You Get Lentigo Age Spots Removed?

Liver spots are harmless and don’t need medical treatment. If you want to minimize their visibility, there are topical creams with ingredients like hydroquinone or retinoids, chemical peels, laser therapy, and cryotherapy (freezing the spots with liquid nitrogen). It is essential to consult with a dermatologist to determine the most suitable approach.

Home Remedies for Age Spots

While there is no guarantee that home remedies will completely eliminate liver spots, some natural ingredients may help fade their appearance. Here are three simple remedies you can try:

  • Lemon Juice: Use a cotton ball to apply fresh lemon juice directly to the spots. The natural acidity of lemon juice can help lighten the age spots over time. Remember to moisturize afterward, as lemon juice can dry.
  • Aloe Vera Gel: Apply aloe vera gel extracted from the plant or a store-bought version with a high concentration of aloe vera to the spots. Aloe vera has soothing properties and may help reduce the appearance of liver spots.
  • Apple Cider Vinegar: Dab a cotton ball soaked in diluted apple cider vinegar onto the spots. The mild acidic properties of apple cider vinegar can help fade liver spots gradually.


Liver spots are common occurrences due to sun exposure. They pose no health risk and can be a cosmetic concern for some individuals. Various treatments are available, and it is best to consult a dermatologist for the best course. Lemon juice, aloe vera gel, and apple cider vinegar are home remedies that may provide relief. Protect your skin from the sun’s harmful UV rays to prevent the formation of new age spots. 

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